Perseverance instrument manages to produce oxygen on Mars

    The US space agency (NASA) Perseverance ‘rover' continues to make history

    An instrument attached to the six-wheeled explorer transformed carbon dioxide from the Martian atmosphere into oxygen. This is the first time this has happened on another planet, NASA said on Wednesday (21).

    “This is a critical step in transforming carbon dioxide into oxygen on Mars,” said Jim Reuter, associate administrator for NASA's space technology mission directorate.

    The demonstration was made on April 20 and subsequent versions of the experimental instrument used are expected to pave the way for human space exploration in the future.

    The process could not only produce oxygen for future astronauts to breathe, but it could also avoid transporting large amounts of oxygen from Earth to use it as a rocket propellant on the return journey.

    The In Situ Oxygen Use Experiment on Mars (MOXIE) consists of a golden box the size of a car battery and is in front and to the right of the ‘rover'.

    Nicknamed the “mechanical tree”, it uses electricity and chemistry to divide carbon dioxide molecules, made up of one carbon atom and two oxygen atoms.

    As a by-product, it also produces carbon monoxide.

    In its first run, MOXIE produced 5 grams of oxygen, the equivalent of ten minutes of breathable oxygen for an astronaut who performs the normal activity.

    Engineers at MOXIE – designed to produce up to 10 grams of oxygen per hour – will now run more tests and try to increase their efficiency.

    Designed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), MOXIE was built with heat-resistant materials, such as nickel alloy, to tolerate the 800 Celsius temperatures required for its operation.

    A thin layer of gold ensures that it does not radiate heat and damage the ‘rover'.

    MIT engineer Michael Hecht said a one-ton version of MOXIE could produce the approximately 25 tons of oxygen needed for a rocket to take off from Mars.

    Producing oxygen in the Martian atmosphere, 96% carbon dioxide, could be a more feasible option than doing it by extracting ice under the surface and then subjecting it to electrolysis.

    Perseverance landed on the red planet on February 18 on a mission to look for signs of microbial life.

    His mini-helicopter Ingenuity made history this week by making the first flight on another planet.

    The rover himself recorded the sounds of Mars directly for the first time.

    Source: Futuro – Plataforma Media by
    The article has been translated based on the content of Futuro – Plataforma Media by
    We stand by the rights of the original author of the post, no matter what. We always respect and prioritize the copyright of the content and always include the original link of the source article. If the author of the original article has any issue with it, just leave a report below, we’ll edit it or delete it. Whatever it takes. We will make it right as quickly as possible to protect the rights of the author.
    Thank you very much! Best regards!

    Recent Articles

    POCO X3 Pro: Inexpensive mobile gaming done right

    Mobile devices intended for games are not cheap. This does not mean that a mid-range smartphone cannot cope with the latest productions. On the...

    COD Warzone: Crossovers with Rambo and Die Hard are coming!

    Since the start of its season 3 joined with Black Ops Cold War, Warzone took its players back in time to take them to...

    If we can't go to the stadium, Hisense helps make the stadium at home

    Hisense, which has already accustomed us to excellent smart home appliances, and which is a sponsor of UEFA EURO 2020, today presented in Lisbon...

    ViewSonic M2e smart portable projector

    ViewSonic may not be the best-known projector manufacturer, but I know it is capable of some of the most pleasant surprises. It is true...

    Google Photos will be able to turn repeated photos into videos

    At Google I/O the company presented some news for Google Photos, related to privacy, but also to the way we use the application. Google Photos...

    Related Stories

    Leave A Reply

    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here

    Stay on top - Get the daily news in your inbox